- Kidney failure occurs when your kidneys lose the ability to filter waste from your blood sufficiently. Many factors can interfere with your kidney health and function, which includes the following listed below:
- toxic exposure to environmental pollutants or certain medications
- certain acute and chronic diseases
- severe dehydration
- kidney trauma
Your body becomes overloaded with toxins if your kidneys can’t do their regular job. This can lead to kidney failure and even be life-threatening if it’s left untreated.
What are the symptoms of kidney failure?
There are so Many different symptoms which usually can occur during kidney failure. Usually a person with kidney failure will have a few symptoms of the disease, though sometimes none are present. Possible symptoms which include the following:
- a reduced amount of urine
- swelling of your legs, ankles, and feet from retention of fluids caused by the failure of your kidneys to eliminate water waste
- unexplained shortness of breath
- excessive drowsiness or fatigue
- persistent nausea
- pain or pressure in your chest
What causes kidney failure?
People who are most at risk for kidney failure usually have one or more of the following causes below:
1. Loss of blood flow to the kidneys
A sudden loss of blood flow to your kidneys can prompt kidney failure. Some diseases and conditions that cause loss of blood flow to the kidneys include:
- a heart attack
- heart disease
- scarring of the liver or liver failure
- a severe burn
- an allergic reaction
- a severe infection, such as sepsis
2. Urine elimination problems
When your body can’t eliminate urine, toxins build up and overload the kidneys. Some cancers can block the urine passageways. These include prostate (most common type in men), colon, cervical, and bladder cancers.
Other conditions can interfere with urination and possibly lead to kidney failure, including:
- kidney stones
- an enlarged prostate
- blood clots within your urinary tract
- damage to the nerves that control your bladder
Some diseases and conditions may lead to kidney failure, including:
- a blood clot in or around your kidneys
- an overload of toxins from heavy metals
- drugs and alcohol
- vasculitis, an inflammation of blood vessels
- lupus, an autoimmune disease that can cause inflammation of many body organs
- glomerulonephritis, an inflammation of the small blood vessels of the kidneys
- hemolytic uremic syndrome, which involves the breakdown of red blood cells following a bacterial infection, usually of the intestines
- multiple myeloma, a cancer of the plasma cells in your bone marrow
- scleroderma, an autoimmune disease that affects your skin
- thrombotic thrombocytopenic purpura, a disorder that causes blood clots in small vessels
- chemotherapy drugs, medications that treat cancer and some autoimmune diseases
- dyes used in some imaging tests
- certain antibiotics
- uncontrolled diabetes
Treatment for kidney failure
There are several treatments for kidney failure. The type of treatment you need will depend on the reason for your kidney failure. Your doctor can help you determine the best treatment option, which may include one of the following:
Dialysis filters and purifies the blood using a machine. The machine performs the function of the kidneys. Depending on the type of dialysis, you may be connected to a large machine or a portable catheter bag. You may need to follow a low-potassium, low-salt diet along with dialysis.
Dialysis doesn’t cure kidney failure, but it will extend your life span if you go for regularly scheduled treatments.
Another treatment option is a kidney transplant. There’s usually a long wait to receive a donor kidney that’s compatible with your body, though if you have a living donor the process may go more quickly.
The advantages of a transplant are that the new kidney can work perfectly, and dialysis is no longer required. The disadvantage is that you must take immunosuppressive drugs after the surgery. These drugs have their own side effects, some of which are serious. Also, transplant surgery is not always successful.
Preventing kidney failure
There are several steps you can take to reduce your risk of kidney failure.
Follow directions when taking over-the-counter medications. Taking doses that are too high (even of common drugs such as aspirin) can create high toxin levels in a short amount of time. This can overload your kidneys.
Whenever possible, you should limit your exposure to chemicals, such as household cleaners, tobacco, pesticides, and other toxic products.
kidney or urinary tract conditions lead to kidney failure when they’re not managed properly. Follow your doctor’s advice, always take prescribed medicine as directed, and maintain a healthy lifestyle.